Every job is exposed to certain risks and dangers and job safety analysis is a procedure conducted to identify potential dangers and how they can be controlled. There are always various dangers posed to every step of any job and this is what job safety analysis aims at establishing in order to recommend suitable measures. In order to avoid problems brought about by various hazards in the place of work, it is important to identify the possible dangers.
When writing a job safety analysis there are various steps that should be followed. First and foremost, one should write down the steps of the job. This is quite beneficial because it brings about additional understanding about the job and what it is all about. Do not make the steps too detailed because this will make the job safety analysis quite burdensome. Identifying hazards that every step is associated with is the second step. One is encouraged to identify what could possibly go wrong.
The environment, people and materials used are all possible causes of these hazards. One may also consider looking into a number of other factors. Legislation requirements, equipment instructions from the manufacturer and how past injuries were caused are among other factors that one can consider so as to establish these hazards. For every hazard, controls are determined and this is what the third step involves. The essence of the control is to explain how the hazard will be dealt with or how to make sure the risk is minimized.
From the three steps, it is possible to develop a good job safety analysis. Sharing of the job hazard analysis with the workers is the next step to follow. Let your workers understand every detail in the job safety analysis and review it with them. This helps to educate the workers about what is expected of them. In this process the workers can also feel free to raise their concerns. By following this step then the JSA is likely to be effective.
Changes may be made to the JSA due to changes in the working conditions around the workplace and this should be discussed with the workers as well.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. Competent analysts have a deep knowledge about different types of hazards and what measures to put in place to avoid them. It is only with the help of a good JSA that costs that may be incurred due to damages caused by the hazards can be minimized or avoided. An organization is also likely to experience increased output because through a good JSA, the dangers the workers are exposed to are minimized and this brings a sense of safety.
Every organization should therefore follow these steps in order to conduct an effective JSA.